back to main menu | contact us


About 83 kilometers south of Beirut, Tyr is the forth-largest city of the country, and one of the ancient cities ever existed in Lebanon.

Phoenician Tyr was Queen of the seas, and island city of unprecedented splendor founded at the start of the 3 rd millennium B.C Tyr originally consisted of a mainland settlement and a modest island city that lay a short distance off shore. In the 10th century B.C Hiram king of Tyr joined two islets by landfill. Phoenician expansion began about 815 B.C when traders from Tyr founded Carthage in North Africa it grew wealthy from its far-reaching colonies and its industries of purple dyed textiles.

But it also attracted the attention of jealous conquerors, among them the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar and Alexander the Great. Tyr fell under Roman rule in 64 B.C and later under the Byzantine era. Christianity figures in the history of Tyr, whose name is mentioned in the New Testament. During the Byzantine era, the Archbishop of Tyr was the Primate of all the Bishops of Phoenicia.

Taken by Islamic armies in 634 A.D, the city offered no resistance and continued to prosper under its new rulers. The site can be visited most of the days of the year; it's a vast area of civic buildings, colonnades, public baths, mosaic streets and a rectangular stadium. Near the sea, you can see the remaining of a Gymnasium, an area where athletes trained. Other residues remains in this site date to the Hellenistic, Roman, and Byzantine periods. A short distance from the shore you will see small rocks that appear in the sea which are, in fact, the great stone breakwaters and jetties of the ancient Phoenician port, called the ''Egyptian port'' because it faced south towards Egypt .

Five minutes walk away from this site, lowest foundations and a few Re-erected granite columns of the Crusader cathedral, remain intact. Visitors are not allowed inside this site, but the ruins can be viewed from the road.

The third area is a thirty-minute walk from Areas One and Two and consists of a wide necropolis, a three-bay massive arch and one of the largest Roman hippodromes ever found.

Beside, the ancient ruins of the sea shore, search for the Ottoman Khan, it's just on the entrance of the market. You can have a walk on the fisherman's port; you should never forget that few minutes away from the city, the holy Christian village of Quana .