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This site is located in the northern part of the fertile plain of Bekaa; categorized in UNESCO's world cultural heritage sites as being in a high degree of preservation.

The city of Baalbeck has been founded in Phoenician times as a place of worship to Baal, the Phoenician Sun God. Later on during the Hellenistic empire, (333- 64 BC) the city has been called Helliopolis, that mean the City of the Sun. But it’s in the 47 BC, that the Baalbeck reached its golden age, when Julius Caesar made it as a Roman colony, because of two major facts, first it's one of the major agricultural providers of the eastern part of the Roman Empire . And because it's strategic location along the major east-west and north-south trading routes.

Baalbeck has been selected to be constructing the largest religious temples in their empire. 200 years of Roman successions (60 BC- 150BC) emperors establish the construction of the magnificent and impressive temples to honor the Roman trinity: Jupiter, Venus and Mercury.

Visitors can follow the majestic Roman entry; walk through the two large colonnaded courtyards to reach the complex's of the great temples. The site is made by three major temples. These temples are Jupiter, Bacchus and Venus. The Temple of Jupiter is the largest Roman temple ever constructed. Just six columns remain standing of the original 54 Corinthian columns. Each column is 22 meters high and 2 meters in diameter. What gave the temple a real huge impact during the Roman Empire ?

The Temple of Bacchus is a Roman temple, smaller then the temple of Jupiter ; it's the best preserved Roman temple in the Middle East . A bit more far, you still can see up on the hills of Sheikh Abdullah, The temple of Mercury . During the Byzantine period, the temples have been transformed into churches and basilicas. For example the Byzantine Emperor Theodosius tore down the altars of the Temple of Jupiter and built a basilica using the temple's stones and architectural fundamentals.

The remains of this basilica can still be seen near the stairway of the Temple of Jupiter . During the Arab conquests, the temple were fortified, and transformed into a castle, and has been given the Arabian name of “Qalaa” wish mean the fortress.

Later on during the 8th century, the Umayyad constructed a great mosque, and it can be seen in front of acropolis entrance.

The excavations of the 19th century, reconstructed what has been destroyed during the earthquakes. German, French and Lebanese archaeologists have conserved what we can see now. The view of the site can give you what used to look the Helliopolis of the ancient time.

And if you are going to Lebanon in the summer, Baalbeck's festival is worth visiting. Magic in the air and romance is everywhere. The festivals of Baalbeck give you a right destination to over come all the stress giving you one way ticket to meet the pleasures of life and eternal beauty of music.